Ancient Egypt

The need to follow the rules led to the creation of written guidelines for the artists. Although they did not come to our time, we know of the existence of Requirements for wall painting and a canon of proportions, mention of which is in the list of library books in the temple of Elfu, as well as the availability of similar guides for the sculptors. Compliance with the rules led to the technical features of the Egyptian masters, early applied grid for precise shift in the wall of the desired sample. There are wooden planks on which painted drawings of individual figures, which are respectively carried on by artists on marked larger cells of the walls. Traces of such nets on the walls are also preserved. It is been established that the ancient kingdom facing a human figure divided into six cells, in the Middle and New kingdom - eight in Sayssk time - at twenty-six, with a strictly defined number of cells devoted to each body part. Corresponding to canonical models existed the pieces of animals, birds, etc.

However, the canons at the same time, constrain creativity of artists and, later, had only played a conservative, inhibiting role, preventing the development of realistic tendencies.

But you should not think that Egyptian art was fully shackled by canons during its centuries of existence, or that the identity of the Egyptian artist did not play any role in the development of the arts. Egyptian art, and art of every nation, developed and vary depending on the specific historical conditions, reflecting the new demands in connection with these changes, and the struggle of various social strata, and the importance that have local art schools and individual craftsmen , which managed to show their creative force, even within the canonical framework. Monuments saved for us a lot of creative names of Egyptian art.

While Egyptian art emerged in the first class-divided society in the history of mankind and reflects the prevailing ideas of rule class, it is constantly affecting people’s mythology, created by the people of poetry and artistic images, realistic trend of Egyptian art, expressed in interest in living humans, and a detailed picture of life and the Egyptian people is determined by that features the arts, have deep popular base and therefore bear significant fruit especially in periods when increased public role of the masses.